Reading a Short Story
Click here to read the short story “Seventh Grade” by Gary Soto
At the end of the story, the narrator says that Victor “was going to like seventh grade.”
“What are three things you are going to like about being in seventh grade?
Write your answer in the form of a paragraph on the THOUGHTS tab of this website.
HOW to Read Nonfiction Texts [Expository]
Understanding Text Structures
- Cause & Effect: “Black Blizzard”
- Sequence [Chronological Order}: “The Monroe Family”
- Problem & Solution: “The Fight for Suffrage”
- Description: “Our Country’s Landforms”
Understanding Question Answer Relationships [QAR]
- QAR = Question Answer Relationships
Symbolism & Christmas
- Watch: The Signs of Christmas by Miss Debb & Andrew
- Pre-write: Symbolism at Christmas Time
- Read: Symbolism at Christmas
- History: Top 10 Christmas Symbols
- Symbols: What They Stand For
- Learn More: Wikipedia
- Write: Christmas Symbols
Genres of Literature
There are five major genres, or categories of literature: Fiction, Non-Fiction, Folktales, Drama, and Poetry. Click here for an overview of the Genres of Literature.
- Fiction: writing that is a product of the imagination.
- Historical Fiction: based on or around a person or event from history.
- Science Fiction: dealing with aliens, the future, or advanced technology.
- Fantasy: containing monsters, magic, or other supernatural elements.
- Realistic Fiction: a story that could have happened, but didn’t.
- Nonfiction: writing that is true or factual.
- Informational Writing: writing that provides information on a topic.
- Persuasive Writing: writing that attempts to influence the reader.
- Autobiography: the story of one’s life told by oneself.
- Biography: the story of someone’s life told by someone else.
- Drama: writing that appears as a play or script.
- Poetry: writing that is concerned with the beauty of language
- Comedy: has a happy ending.
- Tragedy: ends in death and sadness.
- Folklore: stories that were handed down through the oral tradition.
- Fairy Tale: a story with magic, monsters, and/or talking animals.
- Fable: a very short story, usually with talking animals and has a moral.
- Myth: has gods or goddesses and often accounts for the creation of something.
- Legend: a story based on something that might have once been real, but has since become exaggerated beyond the realm of nonfiction.
- Tall Tale: stories usually set in the American frontier where the main character has exaggerated strengths, skills, or size. The tone of the author is humorous.
Take a quiz about Genres:
Elements of Fiction
- Literature Analysis Chart
- Every Story Has a Beginning…
- Elements of a Short Story
- Elements of a Short Story Explanation
- Elements of Fiction Review Video
- Flocabulary: Elements of Fiction Rap:
Simply put, irony is the use of words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal meaning.
There are three types of irony: verbal, dramatic, and situational.
Three Types of Irony:
Understanding Realistic Fiction
REALISTIC FICTION stories are imagined ones that could really happen today. The story may be set in real places, but the story is NOT based on history, nor does it contain elements of science fiction. While the characters are realistic and true-to-life, they are ‘made up’, or imaginary people with normal human powers. Realistic fiction characters are often confronted with struggles that many teens are faced with.
Click here to see a list of Character Traits
Understanding Conflict in Literature
- View a Powerpoint about the different types of conflict in literature by clicking here:
- Conflict in Literature.
- “Every storyline involves some kind of conflict. It is a struggle between two (different) forces. These forces can be either internal [feelings] or external [physical]. [Ask.com]
Understanding Figurative Language
Click here a list of terms & definitions:
Click here for a copy of the
Click to watch videos/powerpoints about different types of figurative language:
- Alliteration: Australian Video
- Onomatopoeia: Video Clips
- Metaphors & Similes: Popular Songs
- Hyperbole: Examples PowerPoint
- Hyperbole: Pecos Bill
- Personification: Be Our Guest
- Personification: Funny Talking Animals
- Idioms: 42 Idiom Origins
- Imagery Introduction Song:
Understanding Point of View
Click here to watch video:
Click here to watch videos to help understand themes:
Elements of Drama
- Elements of Drama Power Point
FLASHBACK is when a writer interrupts the action of the story to show a scene from a character’s past. FLASHFORWARD is when a writer brings the action of the story back to the present time.
The move “The Sandlot” is a great example of this. Until the last few minutes of the movie, the story revolves around a flashback involving a group of boys playing baseball. Then it flashforwards [switches back to the present] when one of those boys is a baseball announcer and his friend is a professional baseball player.
Watch the Animate Video: The Piano by Aidan Gibbons
Watch the movie “The Sandlot”:
All About Poetry
Poetry means different things to different people. It is a type of literature that expresses ideas, feeling, or tells a story in a specific form, usually using lines and stanzas.
Making Evidence Based Claims
- Click here to watch a video about making Evidence Based Claims in class discussions